Building ConstructionCivil Engineering

Component Of The Building Constructions

Component Of The Building Constructions

COMPONENTS OF A BUILDING FOUNDATION

It’s direct contact with ground and transmitted all the dead, live and other loads to the soil on that the structure rests.

Component Of The Building Constructions

PLINTH

The portion of a building and therefore the high of the ground instantly higher than the bottom is thought as footstall. the amount of the encompassing ground is thought as formation level of the bottom floor of the building is thought as footstall level.

WALLS

Walls area unit provided to surround or divide the ground area n desired pattern additionally wall provided privacy security and provides protection against sun, rain, cold and different unwanted impact of the weather.

COLUMN

A column could also be outlined as AN isolated load bearing member, the dimension of that is neither but its thickness. It carries the axially compressive load.

FLOORS

Floors area unit flat supporting components of a building. They divided a building into totally different levels. There by making a lot of accommodation on a given plot of land. the essential purpose of a floor is to supply a firm and different things like stores, furniture, instrumentation etc.

DOORS, WINDOWS AND VENTILATORS

A door could also be outlined as a barrier secured in a gap left in a very wall to supply usual means that of access to a building, area or passage. Windows and ventilators area unit provided for sun light-weight, contemporary air and ventilation functions.
ROOF: –

It’s the top element of a building and its operate is to hide the area below it of an area and shield it from rain, snow, sun, wind etc.

BUILDING FINISHES

A building is taken into account incomplete until such time the surface of its elements is given acceptable treatment.

Above all area unit main elements OF A BUILDING

Building finishes embrace things like application, painting, pointing, white / color laundry, varnishes and distempering etc.

COMPONENTS OF A artifact utilized in CONSTRUCTION

MATERIAL Utilized in CONSTRUCTION

Following area unit the materials used for the development of a building.

1. Bricks.
2. Sand.
3. Cement.
4. Stone.
5. Coarse combination.
6. Fine combination.
7. Timber.
8. Metal.
9. Floor Tiles.
10. Roof Tiles.
11. Reinforcement.
12. Plastic Materials.
13. Doors & Windows.
14. Asphalt hydrocarbon.
15. colouring material.
16. White Cement.
17. Paints & Varnishes.
18. Brick Ballast.
19. hygienical Materials.
20. Water.
21. Finishing Tiles. Etc.

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